I actually owned 2, 1 broke down & was used for parts when i obtained another one which i kept u until the late 1990s. The Commodore’s Amiga 500 was the low-end version of the Amiga range of the time. It was a fairly easy machine to fix & maintain as many (if not all) of the ICs (system chips) were mounted on sockets so repairs often meant removing the cover & prise out the old broken chip & replace or test with a new one. Like the 8 bit days where the ZX Spectrum & Commodore 64 were rival machines, the main rival of the Amiga was the Atari’s 520/1040 ST range. The A500 was superior in almost every area, apart from its MIDI capabilities and the disk drive, which was not only slow but very noisy as well and a bitter feud quickly developed between owners of these rival machines.
16 bit technology overtook 8 bit tech which in the late 80’s was still very popular, but meant users had to learn a new set of skills which were closer to IBM PC use of the era as the machine used a disc loaded rather than ROM based OS which was called Commodore’s “AmigaOS” & was essentially Kickstart firmware and the software called Workbench provided on disk. The Spectrum / CPC464 & C64 8 bit machines were still very popular as budget gaming machines with re-released or games still obtainable from many outlets for £1.99 or £2.99, some of which were ported from Arcade or 16 bit versions but of a lot lower resolution or sound & colour pallette. The A500 spec is close to the Amiga 1000, the main internal change is in memory 256 KB to 512 KB and an additional of I/O chip that controls the disk drive and also performs some of the address decoding. This chip also featured in the A2000 which was the top of the range machine in the range from the post 8 bit era.
The A500 was an easy machine to upgrade than both the ST and oter Amigas – no more having to send the machine away for upgrades or buying newer models – as it had an expansion port located in the bottom of the case. Owners could simply insert a memory card which contained any extra RAM or add on. The popularity of this upgrade meant that more 1 MB software (both 1 MB versions of 512 KB software and 1 MB only software) was released for the Amiga than the ST, which had to be taken apart to expand the memory. I actually discovered as well that taking the machine apart there were some additional empty IC bays to add additional memory, in fact i removed the IC’s from the add-on memory card I had & slotted them into the main motherboard, this freeing up the expansion slot. The machine also featured the Motorola 68000 processor running at just over 7MHZ on the European / UK based PAL system which is actually a 32 bit capable processor but only used 16bit addressing in the Amiga.
The A500 in my experience was ery similar to the older VIC20 i owned, whereby you could connect a dedicated monitor (which were still very expensive at the time} or connect an RF modulator to plug into the family TV or the portable in the bedroom – remember these were the days most people culd only afford to have 1 colour TV & smaller portables used in the bedroom were mostly black & white.
Although the machine was discontinued in 1991, at the time i was still using some 8 bit machines for games & such simply due to the huge catalogue & the cost of the games, although game piracy on the Amiga & Atari ST was rife with copied games being the norm for many Amiga users.. a practice almost thwarted by use of password protection such as magazine or game manual word identity e.g “on page 12 of the manual, what is the 4th word on the 7th line”.. which was great if you owned the original but proved tricky with emulation in recent times or where you didn’t have the manual or magzine because it got lost or ruined, or even thrown away when your parents decided to tidy up.
To me the Amiga was very much a more business machine than games machine, which i used the Amiga more to do graphic creating or even basic letter writing or the like – although i didn’t have a printer so had to go with handful of disks to a mate or down the library to get stuff printed, as again, printers were an expensive add on.
The computer itself will go down as a classic & more standardised components & connections were being used. 9 pin Serial ports, parallel port, RCA audio etc in common with the IBM PC of the time. Despite the Amiga range featuring many more desktop computers & even a games console (the CD32) including the final desktop machine, the Amiga 4000 which was probably as good as any high spec IBM PC of the mid 1990s, the A500 was probably the most popular & sadly In 1994, Commodore filed for bankruptcy and its assets were purchased by a German PC manufacturer called ESCOM, who created the subsidiary company Amiga Technologies. They in turn went bankrupt in 1997. The Amiga will have a great legacy & has been used for many things from TV graphics, creating music videos & even used by NASA during their lifetime in the computer market.
OK not strictly a computer but a retro pong based machine & was a very popular ‘tennis’ game console from the late seventies, first manufactured in 1976 by Binatone. The Binatone TV Master Mark IV, was one of the most popular in the UK.
Like the dozens of other TV games that hit the shops in the 70s, it would play ‘Pong’ style games (Pong being the worlds 1st ‘popular’ arcade videogame!) made famous in the arcades and homes by Atari & such. It’s a monochrome console, since many people still owned black & white TV’s, and was cheaper to produce being based around the same AY-3-8500 (TV Game on Chip) that was used in almost every other TV game, and hence was also affordable, costing from memory about £15 to buy from new.
At the time it was quite a futuristic looking machine as a lot of games consoles (including the Atari2600) or home technology of the time used plastic & fake wood to make them look elegant. This was very much the 1970’s version of the Xbox or Playstation if you want to enjoy video gaming as it was in the 70s, before the Atari 2600 & home computers took over. it featured 4 different games, it has a variety of adjustment switches, such as Ball Speed, Angle & Bat Size which can alter the difficulty of the games and turn the sound off. The paddle controllers, which consist of a simple rotary control, can be stored away in the underside battery compartment.
The games themselves were basically all the same… the pong format with a square block – representing a ball – bouncing around the screen with a bat – which was a small solid white line – controlled by a paddle. Flicking the switch to select a different game meant that the game was changed so for example “tennis” was basically pong – with a solid white line acting as a wall top & bottom & 2 bats controlled by paddles. “Squash” was the same game with the player 2 paddle removed & a solid wall down the right side of the screen allowing for a 1 player game or a 2 player game could be selected which added a second “bat” to the left of the screen. there was also a football game where the player controlled 2 bats simultaneously & the side walls extended with a smaller opening. The basic gameplay remained where if the “ball” went off the screen it scored a point for your opponent. Should you get to 15 & you had to reset the game to start again with the score at 0 then try again. The remarkable thing was there was also a lightgun available & a game called Target which was essentially clay pieon shooting where the “ball” was larger & disappeared once it registered a hit & added to the score. the same light gun was later used on some 8 bit machines albeit with a different plug attached on the end of the lead. The target game was only featured to versions of the console known as the Plus 2 which was the system i owned.
The TV master series are first generation black & white pong consoles. The TV Master MK IV system is the same as the Colour TV Game except that the games are in black & white, while the Colour TV game displays colour games. The console also features a compartment underneath to store the TV cable & also the paddles could be stored inside it if the console didn’t have batteries fitted. The machine came with a small mains adapter or could be run from if i recall 6x D sized batteries – handy if you wanted to take the console with you if you went on holiday – although if you were camping you would also need a battery operated TV – or if there wasn’t a socket spare but the battery consumption was quite high. The paddles were quite small & basic, featuring a basic pot control to determine the position of the players “bat” on the screen & prone to failure but easily repaired using switch cleaner or replacing the pot for a better made one if you could solder the lead to it. In addition to this the supplied power supply was also prone to failure, but easily remedied as some power supplies were available (probably still are) which had a voltage selector switch & multiplug so you could power your battery run devices from the adapter if it had a socket to connect one on you battery operated device.
You may think being old you’d need an old TV or bespoke monitor to play on one today, however like most games machines of the time & during the 80’s it connected to the TV via the RF cable or ariel input & then was a case of tuning a spare channel to the console as you would if you tuned in a new TV station. usually it was around the 35mhz mark later used by Channel 5 & what many home consoles & Video recorders were set to which was around the middle of the tuning dial. if you have a modern TV, simply set the TV on analogue input & the switch on the console & tune in the TV but don’t worry, gaming in black & white was normal & you could always turn the TV sound off as it came from a bleeper on the console itself & played through a speaker on the console, again this could be turned off by a selector switch on the machine as the beeps got annoying after a couple of rounds of tennis.
Scouring Youtube the other day, i stumbled across this Interview with Chris Curry, the founder of Acorn Computers.
Despite Google’s best attempts at getting people to switch to Google Docs, much of the world still works in Microsoft Office. It may be a while before Google can win the format wars; but in the meantime, it will make sure Chrome users stay in Chrome when opening Microsoft documents.
Google announced that Chrome Beta for desktop can now open Microsoft Office documents directly in the browser. In other words, all of your Microsoft Word, Excel and Powerpoint files can be accessed in the browser without having to open Microsoft Office.
You could interpret this as Google firing a warning shot across Microsoft’s bow, but Google says it’s only watching out for its users:
In addition to saving you time, the Chrome Office Viewer also protects you from malware delivered via Office files. Just like with web pages and PDFs, we’ve added a specialized sandbox to impede attackers who use compromised Office files to try to steal private information or monitor your activities.
If you want to start viewing Microsoft Office files in Chrome, you’re going to first need the Chrome Beta. You can grab that here. Next up, you’re gonna need the Chrome Office Viewer which is also in beta. Google reminds users to help them squash any remaining bugs in the Office Viewer by submitting bug reports whenever things go wrong.